Social Determinants and Health Disparities Legislation

Aligning for Health has been active in advocating for key legislative solutions to address social determinants, including through the introduction of the Social Determinants Accelerator Act (H.R. 4004/S.2986), the Leveraging Integrated Networks in Communities (LINC) to Address Social Needs Act (S. 509), and the reintroduction of the Social Determinants Accelerator Act of 2021 (H.R. 2503).

Aligning for Health is proud to support the Social Determinants Accelerator Act of 2021, a bipartisan bill introduced in the House (H.R. 2503) by Reps. Bustos (D-IL), Cole (R-OK), McGovern (D-MA), and Mullin (R-OK).
The Social Determinants Accelerator Act of 2021 will help states and communities devise strategies to better leverage existing programs and authorities to improve the health and well-being of those participating in Medicaid by creating an inter-agency social determinants council and providing planning grants and technical assistance to state, local and Tribal governments to help them devise innovative, evidence-based approaches to coordinate services and improve outcomes and cost-effectiveness.

Aligning for Health is proud to support the Leveraging Integrated Networks in Communities (LINC) to Address Social Needs Act, which was introduced in the Senate (S.509) by Senators Dan Sullivan (R-AK) and Chris Murphy (D-CT).

The LINC to Address Social Needs Act would assist States in establishing statewide or regional public-private partnerships to better coordinate health care and social services, leveraging local expertise and technology to overcome longstanding challenges in linking people to health, food, housing, child development, job training, and transportation supports and services.

Senate Finance Committee Response on Health Disparities

  • On July 8th, 2020, Aligning for Health sent a letter to Senate Finance Committee Chair Grassley (R-IA) in response to a request for input on steps the Committee can take to address health disparities.
  • AFH strongly supports the Committee’s efforts to assess and discuss what actionable steps Congress can take to improve access to, and the coordination of, public health, health care, and social services both during and after the public health emergency subsides.
  • AFH noted that the Social Determinants Accelerator Act (S. 2986/H.R. 4004) is a bipartisan, bicameral proposal that has been referred for consideration by the Senate Finance Committee and if passed, would take important steps toward improving the health of families on Medicaid by helping to address their social needs.

Senate HELP Response on Preparing for the Next Pandemic

  • On June 26th 2020, Aligning for Health sent a letter to Senate HELP Committee Chair Alexander (R-TN) in response to a request for information on  recommendations for creating a system of health care resiliency and preparing for the next pandemic.
  • AFH recommended strengthening medical and social care alignment, noting that social service networks are generally not connected to the health care system in a sustainable way.  Congress should take advantage of this moment to catalyze a large-scale effort to build community-based infrastructure that will efficiently allow health and social providers to collaborate while maintaining accountability among entities for better health outcomes.
  • AFH recommended that Congress take up consideration of a proposal to help states develop community integration networks. AFH described the need to provide seed funding to states to develop and launch community integration networks built around a lead entity and which connect payers, providers, community based organizations, and state agencies.

Senate Finance Committee Response on Maternal Health

  • On March 20, 2020, Aligning for Health sent a letter to the Senate Finance Committee in response to a request for information on solutions to improve maternal health.
  • In its letter, AFH noted that the Social Determinants Accelerator Act (S. 2986/H.R. 4004) would provide funding for states and localities to design and tailor approaches and strategies that meet their residents’ needs, which could be focused on efforts to improve maternal health.

Ways and Means Response on Rural and Underserved Communities Health Task Force

  • On November 27, 2019, Aligning for Health sent a letter to the Ways and Means Rural and Underserved Communities Health Task Force in response to a request for information on November 15, 2019. In response to the RFI, AFH described barriers that impede coordination between health and social service programs, and the lack of comprehensive evidence around interventions focused on the social determinants of health, which limits the replicability or scaling of successful interventions.

The Improving Social Determinants of Health Act of 2020 Letter of Support

Aligning for Health is proud to endorse the Improving Social Determinants of Health Act of 2020 introduced by Rep. Barragan (D-CA), which would authorize the CDC to create a program to improve health outcomes and reduce health inequities by coordinating CDC social determinants of health activities and improve the capacity of public health agencies and community organizations to address social determinants of health.

 

CARING Act Letter of Support

Aligning for Health thanks Representatives Blunt Rochester (D-NY) and Bilirakis (R-FL) for introducing the Collecting and Analyzing Resources Integral and Necessary for Guidance (CARING) for Social Determinants Act of 2019. The bill would require the Department of Health and Human Services to provide guidance for states to address social determinants of health under Medicaid and the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP). This is an important bipartisan step in the right direction to help states address social determinants of health.

UNDERSTAND ACT Letter of Support

Aligning for Health is proud to support the introduction of S. 1323, the Utilizing National Data, Effectively Reforming Standards and Tools, to Address Negative Determinants of Health (UNDERSTAND) Act, which would improve the collection of data related to the social determinants of health for Medicare and Medicaid beneficiaries.

Read More about SDAA
Read More About LINC

Other Social Determinants Legislation

Here is a full list, updated regularly, of other pieces of legislation related to social determinants, health disparities, and health equity.

To see a full list of the legislation related to social determinants, health disparities, and health equity from the 116th Congress, click here.

House of Representatives

H.R. 56 – Patient Access to Medical Foods Act

  • Introduced by Rep. Biggs (R-AZ), this bill would amend the Orphan Drug Act with respect to the definition of medical food and expand access to these products, including to Medicare Part D and TRICARE patients.

H.R. 159 – Community Parks Revitalization Act

  • Introduced by Rep. Sires (D-NJ), this bill would authorize the Secretary of HUD to establish a program enabling communities to better leverage resources to address health, economic development, and conservation concerns through needed investments in parks, recreational areas, facilities, and programs.

H.R. 240 – Homeless Veterans with Children Reintegration Act (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Rep. Brownley (D-CA) and 24 bipartisan cosponsors, this bill would direct the Secretary of Labor to prioritize the provision of services to homeless veterans with dependents in carrying out homeless veterans reintegration programs. This bill passed the House on May 18, 2021 and is now being considered by the Senate.

H.R. 321 – FEMA Empowering Essential Deliveries (FEED) Act (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Rep. Thompson (D-CA) and 30 cosponsors, this bill would authorize the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency to approve state, local, and Indian tribal government plans to partner with small and mid-size restaurants and nonprofit organizations to provide nutritious meals to individuals in need, and to waive certain matching fund requirements.

H.R. 379 – Improving Social Determinants of Health Act*

  • Introduced by Rep. Barragan (D-CA) and 30 cosponsors, this bill would authorize the Director of the CDC to carry out a Social Determinants of Health Program to improve health outcomes and reduce health inequities by coordinating CDC social determinants of health activities, and would improve capacity of public health agencies and community organizations to address social determinants of health.

H.R. 433 – Family Support Services for Addiction Act (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Reps. Trone (D-MD) and Meuser (R-PA), this bill would establish a grant program for family community organizations that provide support for individuals struggling with substance use disorder and their families. This bill passed the House on May 12, 2021 and is now being considered by the Senate.

H.R. 876 – Improving Housing Incomes for Veterans Act (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Reps. Gonzalez (R-OH), Rice (D-NY), Joyce (R-OH), Johnson (R-OH) and Fitzpatrick (R-PA), this bill would direct the Under Secretary for Health of the Department of Veterans Affairs to provide certain information to Department of Veterans Affairs medical center staff and homelessness service providers regarding the Coordinated Entry program.

H.R. 943 – Social Determinants for Moms Act

  • Introduced by Reps. McBath (D-GA) and 33 cosponsors, this bill would address social determinants of maternal health with respect to pregnant and postpartum individuals.

H.R. 1257 – Homeless Veterans Credit Repair, Enhancement, and Debt Improvement for Tomorrow (CREDIT) Act

  • Introduced by Rep. Pallone (D-NJ), this bill would direct the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to conduct a study on the effect of financial and credit counseling for homeless veterans and veterans experiencing housing instability. This bill passed the House on June 15, 2021 and is now being considered in the Senate.

H.R. 1313 – Healthy Food Access for All Americans (HFAAA) Act*

  • Introduced by Rep. Ryan (D-OH) and 18 cosponsors, this bill would establish a new tax credit and grant program to stimulate investment and healthy nutrition options in food deserts.

H.R. 1706 – Emergency Homelessness Assistance Act

  • Introduced by Reps. Pressley (D-MA), Waters (D-CA), Tlaib (D-MI), Neguse (D-CO), and Ocasio-Cortez (D-NY), this bill would provide emergency homelessness assistance to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic.

H.R. 1719 – Emergency Tribal Housing Assistance Act

  • Introduced by Reps. Vargas (D-CA) and Waters (D-CA), this bill would provide homelessness and supportive services assistance for Native Americans to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic.

H.R.  2011 – Wise Investment in Children (WIC) Act (bipartisan)* 

  • Introduced by Reps. DeLauro (D-CT), Sanchez (D-CA) Gonzalez-Colon (R-PR), Schrier (D-WA) and Young (R-AK), this bill would increase the age of eligibility for children to receive benefits under the special supplemental nutrition program for women, infants, and children, and for other purposes.

H.R. 2080 – Seniors Access to Vaccines Ensured (SAVE) Act of 2021 (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Rep. Bishop (D-GA) and 12 bipartisan cosponsors, this bill would provide for temporary coverage of certain transportation services for certain individuals under the Medicare program. The bill would create a temporary Medicare non-emergency medical transportation (NEMT) benefit during the length of the COVID-19 public health emergency to transport seniors to and from COVID vaccination appointments.

H.R. 2126 – Housing Supply and Affordability Act (bipartisan)* 

  • Introduced by Reps. Blunt Rochester (D-DE), Herrera Beutler (R-WA), Beatty (D-OH), and McBath (D-GA), this bill would authorize a grant program for the development and implementation of housing supply and affordability plans. The bill would create a federal housing policy grant program that would provide funding for planning and implementing policies that increase housing supply, increase housing affordability, and reduce barriers to housing development. The bill would require these housing policies to prioritize avoiding displacement.

H.R. 2190 – Helping Homeless Veterans Act

  • Introduced by Rep. Brownley (D-CA) and nine cosponsors, this bill would make permanent certain programs (including the Health Care for Homeless Veterans program and the Homeless Veterans Reintegration Program, among others) that assist homeless veterans and other veterans with special needs.

H.R. 2201 – Computer and Internet Access Equity Act*

  • Introduced by Reps. Davis (D-IL), Holmes Norton (D-DC), and Deutch (D-FL), this bill would provide tax credits to low- to moderate-income individuals for certain computer and education costs, and direct the Federal Communications Commission to modify the requirements for the Lifeline program to provide increased support. The bill would help make internet and broadband more affordable to help bridge the digital divide.

H.R. 2305 – Senior Accessible Housing Act

  • Introduced by Reps. Crist (D-FL), Delgado (D-NY), and Lawrence (D-MI), this bill would provide a refundable tax credit to seniors who install modifications on their residences that would enable them to age in place.

H.R. 2419 – Affordable Housing for Homeless Veterans Act of 2021 (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Rep. Mann (R-KS) and 13 bipartisan cosponsors, this bill would expand and extend Department of Veterans Affairs assistance for homeless veterans. The bill aims to increase the number of affordable housing options, especially in urban areas, to help reduce the recent uptick in veteran homelessness.

H.R. 2483 – Build More Housing Near Transit Act (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Rep. Peters (D-CA) and 10 bipartisan cosponsors, this bill would amend title 49, United States Code, to include affordable housing incentives in certain capital investment grants. Specifically, the bill would encourage construction of low and middle-income housing in transit-served, walkable locations and would provide incentives for transit applicants who meet requirements related to building more housing along the future transit corridor.

H.R. 2503 – Social Determinants Accelerator Act of 2021 (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Reps. Bustos (D-IL), Cole (R-OK), McGovern (D-MA), Mullin (R-OK), and 19 bipartisan cosponsors, this bill would direct the Secretary of HHS to establish an interagency council on social determinants of health.

H.R. 2664 – Green New Deal for Public Housing Act*

  • Introduced by Rep. Ocasio-Cortez (D-NY) and 22 cosponsors, this bill would provide economic empowerment opportunities in the United States through modernization of public housing. The bill would strengthen public housing communities, improve living conditions for residents, and create jobs by addressing the housing and climate crisis.

H.R. 2768 – American Housing and Economic Mobility Act*

  • Introduced by Rep. Cleaver (D-MO) and nine cosponsors, this bill would make housing more affordable. The bill would help produce nearly three million new housing units, reduce rents by 10 percent with no deficit impact, and make important steps to address the racial wealth gap and reduce exclusionary zoning laws.

H.R. 2837 – Making Essentials Available and Lawful (MEAL) Act of 2021

  • Introduced by Rep. Cohen (D-TN) and 37 cosponsors, this bill would amend the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 to repeal a certain disqualification to receive benefits under title IV of the Social Security Act and benefits under the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008; and to amend the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 to provide that incarcerated individuals who are scheduled to be released from an institution within 30 days shall be considered to be a household for purposes of such Act.

H.R. 2851 – Affordable Housing Preservation Act

  • Introduced by Reps. Omar (D-MN) and Maloney (D-NY), this bill would require the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development to carry out a demonstration program to evaluate the effectiveness of Department assisting nonprofit organizations to develop, acquire, rehabilitate, convert, or preserve affordable housing that is governed by the residents of such housing. The bill would fund the creation of community-owned cooperatives for low-income people, helping to alleviate the affordable housing crisis while allowing people to communally own the homes they live in.

H.R. 2924 – Transit to Trails Act*

  • Introduced by Rep. Gomez (D-CA) and 14 cosponsors, this bill would establish a program to award grants to entities that provide transportation connectors from critically underserved urban communities and rural communities to green spaces. The bill takes an equitable approach to help communities nationwide with the highest need for better sustainable public transportation options, making access to these public lands more affordable and accessible.

H.R. 3006 – Promoting Resident Opportunities and Self-Sufficiency Act

  • Introduced by Rep. Adams (D-NC), this bill would ensure that residents of certain housing projects converted under the rental assistance demonstration of the Department of Housing and Urban Development maintain eligibility for assistance under certain economic self-sufficiency programs.

H.R. 3100 – Student Food Security Act of 2021*

  • Introduced by Reps. Hayes (D-CT), Lawson (D-FL), and Torres (D-CA), this bill would expand the eligibility of students to participate in the supplemental nutrition assistance program, and establish college student food insecurity demonstration programs.

H.R. 3108 – The Medical Nutrition Therapy Act of 2021 (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Reps. Kelly (D-IL) and Upton (R-MI), this bill would expand the availability of medical nutrition therapy services under the Medicare program and combat health disparities.

H.R. 3115 – Universal School Meals Program Act*

  • Introduced by Rep. Omar (D-MN) and 39 cosponsors, this bill would amend the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 and the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act to make breakfasts and lunches free for all children. The bill would permanently provide free breakfast, lunch, dinner, and a snack to all school children regardless of income, eliminate school meal debt, and strengthen local economies by incentivizing local food procurement.

H.R. 3293 – Low-Income Water Customer Assistance Program Act of 2021 (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Reps. Blunt Rochester (D-DE), Katko (R-NY), Dingell (D-MI), Tlaib (D-MI), and Harder (D-CA), this bill would amend the Safe Drinking Water Act and the Federal Water Pollution Act to establish programs to assist low-income households in maintaining access to drinking water and wastewater services.

H.R. 3372 – One Stop Shop Community Reentry Program Act (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Reps. Bass (D-CA) and Reschenthaler (R-PA), this bill would authorize implementation grants to community-based nonprofits to operate one-stop reentry centers. Specifically, this bill would create resource centers to support people transitioning from incarceration and connect them with services needed to reintegrate into their communities.

H.R. 3453 – Anti-Hunger Pandemic Recovery Act

  • Introduced by Rep. Velazquez (D-NY) and six cosponsors, this bill would provide community-based nonprofit feeding and anti-hunger groups with funding to partners with small and mid-sized restaurants to expand meal access and delivery for low-income and vulnerable populations during, and through one year following the end of, a pandemic or public health emergency.

H.R. 3467 – Improving Data Collection for Adverse Childhood Experiences Act (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Reps. McBath (D-GA) and Stewart (R-UT), this bill would amend the Public Health Service Act to direct the Secretary of Health and Human Services, acting through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, to support research and programmatic efforts that will build on previous research on the effects of, adverse childhood experiences.

H.R. 3502

  • Introduced by Rep. Hern (R-OK), this bill would prevent the child care cliff and increase parental choice for low-income families.

H.R. 3519 – Stop Child Hunger Act*

  • Introduced by Reps. Levin (D-CA) and Hayes (D-CT), this bill would amend the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act to establish a permanent, nationwide electronic benefit transfer program for children during school closures.

H.R. 3667 – Targeting Child Care Funds Based on Poverty Act of 2021

  • Introduced by Reps. Miller (R-WV) and Walberg (R-MI), this bill would target Child Care Entitlement to States (CCES) funding to states based on the number of children in poverty within each state.

H.R. 3680 – Promoting Affordable Housing Near Transit Act

  • Introduced by Rep. Smith (D-WA), this bill would provide an opportunity for transit entities to partner with community-driven organizations and utilize unused land for affordable transit-accessible housing. It would establish a process by which a non-profit organization or other third-party entity can receive a land transfer from a federal transit grant recipient at zero cost for the purposes of affordable housing.

H.R. 3772 – Housing is a Human Right Act

  • Introduced by Reps. Jayapal (D-WA), Meng (D-NY), and 15 cosponsors, this bill would address root causes of homelessness, meet the needs of community members experiencing harms from homelessness, transition communities towards providing housing for all, end penalization of homelessness, and ensure full democratic participation and inclusion of persons experiencing homelessness.

H.R. 3783 (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Reps. McGovern (D-MA) and Herrera Beutler (R-WA), this bill would provide for the coverage of medically necessary food and vitamins and individual amino acids for digestive and inherited metabolic disorders under federal health programs and private health insurance, to ensure state and federal protection for existing coverage, and other purposes.

H.R. 3792 – Services and Trauma-informed Research of Outcomes in Neighborhood Grants for (STRONG) Support for Children Act of 2021

  • Introduced by Rep. Pressley (D-MA) and eight cosponsors, this bill would amend the Public Health Service Act to support the development and implementation of programs using data analysis to identify and facilitate strategies to improve outcomes for children in geographic areas with a high prevalence of trauma from exposure to adverse childhood experiences.

H.R. 3802 (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Reps. Young (R-AK), Stefanik (R-NY), Pappas (D-NH) and five bipartisan cosponsors, this bill would make permanent the authority of the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to make grants for transportation of highly rural veterans to medical care through the Highly Rural Veteran Transportation Program. This program helps provide no-cost transportation services to VA or VA-authorized health care facilities to veterans in highly rural areas.

H.R. 3822 – Allowing Steady Savings by Eliminating Tests (ASSET) Act*

  • Introduced by Rep. Gomez (D-CA) and 10 cosponsors, this bill would eliminate asset or resource limits employed by certain federally funded means-tested public assistance programs (TANF, SNAP, and LIHEAP). The bill would also raise the asset limitation for Supplemental Security Income (SSI) from $2,000 to $10,000 for an individual and from $3,000 to $20,000 for a couple, indexed to inflation.

H.R. 3891 – Trafficking Survivors Housing Act of 2021 (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Reps. Beatty (D-OH) and Wagner (R-MO), this bill would require a study and report on the housing and service needs of survivors of trafficking and individuals at risk for trafficking. The bill would focus on improving housing and homeless services for trafficking survivors to help them rebuild their lives.

H.R. 3894 – Collecting and Analyzing Resources Integral and Necessary for Guidance (CARING) for Social Determinants of Health Act of 2021 (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Reps. Blunt Rochester (D-DE) and Bilirakis (R-FL), this bill would issue and disseminate guidance to States to clarify strategies to address social determinants of health under the Medicaid program and the Children’s Health Insurance Program.

H.R. 3969 (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Reps. Curtis (R-UT) and Cardenas (D-CA), this bill would address social determinants of health in the calculation of medical loss ratios.

H.R. 3997 – Caregivers, Access, and Responsible Expansion (CARE) for Kids Act of 2021 (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Reps. Hayes (D-CT), Bacon (R-NE), and Ross (D-NC), this bill would amend the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act to enhance direct certification under the school lunch program. Specifically, this bill would support more children facing food insecurity by ensuring that local education agencies can provide automatic eligibility for children living with grandparents or other caregivers.

H.R. 4026 – Social Determinants of Health Data Analysis Act of 2021 (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Reps. Burgess (R-TX) and Blunt Rochester (D-DE), this bill would require the Comptroller General of the United States to submit to Congress a report on actions taken by the Secretary of HHS to address social determinants of health.

H.R. 4074 – Addressing Social Determinants in Medicare Advantage Act

  • Introduced by Rep. Bilirakis (R-FL), this bill would expand the availability of supplemental benefits to certain Medicare Advantage enrollees. Specifically, the bill would encourage Medicare Advantage plans to offer supplemental benefits to address social determinants of health and would allow such plans the flexibility to provide targeted supplemental benefits to low-income patients and other beneficiaries who are at high risk of experiencing poor health outcomes due to SDOH factors.

H.R. 4077 – Closing the Meal Gap Act of 2021*

  • Introduced by Rep. Adams (D-NC) and 86 cosponsors, this bill would amend the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 to require that supplemental nutrition assistance program (SNAP) benefits be calculated using the value of the low-cost food plan. The bill would expand and strengthen the SNAP benefits for vulnerable community members by raising the baseline benefit for all SNAP households, allocating more funds to those with large medical and housing expenses, and increasing access to the program.

H.R. 4183

  • Introduced by Rep. Omar (D-MN), this bill would require the Secretary of Transportation to submit a report to Congress on the accessibility of public transportation for residents of areas of concentrated poverty.

H.R. 4237 – Tenant Empowerment Act

  • Introduced by Reps. Pressley (D-MA), Waters (D-CA), Tlaib (D-MI), and Wilson (D-FL), this bill would protect and empower residents of certain federally assisted rental housing. Specifically, the bill would strengthen HUD tenant protections and provide them with the tools necessary to improve the quality of their homes.

H.R. 4266 – Energy Poverty Prevention Act

  • Introduced by Rep. Hern (R-OK) and 10 cosponsors, this bill would prevent energy poverty in at-risk communities. Specifically, the bill will ensure that energy remains affordable and accessible to all Americans and that at-risk communities will not be left behind in the process of adopting more clean energy sources.

H.R. 4275 – Phone and Internet Access for SNAP Recipients Act of 2021 (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Reps. Luria (D-VA) and Katko (R-NY), this bill would provide for certain reports on enrollment in the Lifeline program. Specifically, the bill would lower the cost of phone and internet access for households that benefit from SNAP.

H.R. 4455 – WIC for Kids Act (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Rep. Hayes (D-CT) and Resident Commissioner Gonzalez-Colon (R-PR), this bill would extend certain certification periods for the special supplemental nutrition program for women, infants, and children.

H.R. 4464 – Fighting Homelessness Through Services and Housing Act*

  • Introduced by Rep. Lieu (D-CA), this bill would fight homelessness in the United States by authorizing a grant program within the Health Resources and Services Administration for housing programs that offer comprehensive services and intensive case management for homeless individuals and families.

H.R. 4496

  • Introduced by Rep. Waters (D-CA) and 27 cosponsors, this bill would provide a path to end homelessness in the United States.

H.R. 4497

  • Introduced by Rep. Waters (D-CA) and 29 cosponsors, this bill would facilitate the development of affordable housing.

H.R. 4510 – Health Enterprise Zones Act

  • Introduced by Rep. Brown (D-MD) and six cosponsors, this bill would provide for the designation of areas as Health Enterprise Zones to reduce health disparities and improve health outcomes in such areas. The bill would close gaps in the health care system that have left behind minorities and underserved communities by creating incentives to improve health care access, public health and attract health care practitioners to work in health-disadvantaged communities.

H.R. 4543 – Coordinating Assistance for TANF Recipients Act

  • Introduced by Reps. Walorski (R-IN), this bill would provide for the conduct of demonstration projects to provide coordinated case management services for TANF recipients. It would allow states to test methods of coordinating case management between multiple programs for such individuals and their families.

H.R. 4554 – Care That’s Fair Act of 2021 (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Reps. Butterfield (D-NC) and Joyce (R-PA), this bill would provide grants to support for States to identify and act on racial disparities. Specifically, the bill will empower states, through grant funding from CMS, to utilize medical claims, clinical data, and social data to address racial disparities, social determinants of health, and maternal and infant mortality.

H.R. 4583 – Supporting Positive Outcomes After Release Act

  • Introduced by Rep. Scott (D-VA), this bill would expand the requirement for states to suspend, rather than terminate, an individual’s eligibility for medical assistance under the State Medicaid plan while the individual is an inmate of a public institution, to ensure such individuals have access to addiction treatment, mental health services, and medications in the critical, immediate days and weeks after release.

Senate

S.19 – FEMA Empowering Essential Deliveries (FEED) Act (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Sen. Scott (R-SC) and eight cosponsors, this bill would authorize the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency to approve state, local, and Indian tribal government plans to partner with small and mid-size restaurants and nonprofit organizations to provide nutritious meals to individuals in need, and to waive certain matching fund requirements.

S. 104 – Improving Social Determinants of Health Act of 2021*

  • Introduced by Sens. Smith (D-MN), Murphy (D-CT), Brown (D-OH), Baldwin (D-WI), Wyden (D-OR), Durbin (D-IL), Whitehouse (D-RI), Klobuchar (D-MN), and Blumenthal (D-CT) this bill would authorize the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to carry out a Social Determinants of Health Program.

S. 203 – Health Food Access for All Americans (HFAAA) Act (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Sens. Warner (D-VA), Moran (R-KS), Capito (R-WV), and Casey (D-PA), this bill would establish a new tax credit and grant program to stimulate investment and healthy nutrition options in food deserts.

S. 220 – Emergency Family Stabilization Act (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Sen. Murkowski (R-AK) and 10 bipartisan cosponsors, this bill would provide emergency relief to youth, children, and families experiencing homelessness, in light of the health and economic consequences of COVID-19.

S. 404 – Coronavirus Housing Counseling Improvement Act

  • Introduced by Sens. Menendez (D-NJ), Brown (D-OH), and 24 cosponsors, this bill would provide funding for the Neighborhood Reinvestment Corporation Act to expand access to housing counseling and assistance services for families struggling to remain in their homes because of the economic crisis created by the COVID-19 pandemic.

S. 410 – Strengthening Social Connections Act of 2021

  • Introduced by Sen. Smith (D-MN) and Gillibrand (D-NY), this bill would make emergency supplemental appropriations for social isolation services under the Older Americans Act of 1965 to address social isolation and loneliness among older adults during COVID-19.

S. 485 – Family Support Services for Addiction Act of 2021 (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Sens. Gillibrand (D-NY) and Capito (R-WV), this bill would establish a grant program for family community organizations that provide support for individuals struggling with substance use disorder and their families.

S. 509 – Leveraging Integrated Networks in Communities (LINC) to Address Social Needs Act (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Sens. Sullivan (R-AK) and Murphy (D-CT), this bill would establish a program to assist States in establishing or enhancing community integration network infrastructure for health and social services.

S. 612 – Improving Housing Outcomes for Veterans Act (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Sens. Portman (R-OH), Warren (D-MA), Durbin (D-IL), and Van Hollen (D-MD), this bill would require the Under Secretary for Health of the Department of Veterans Affairs to provide certain information to medical center staff and homelessness service providers of the Department regarding the coordinated entry processes for housing and services operated under the Continuum of Care Program of the Department of Housing and Urban Development.

S. 674 – Public Health Infrastructure Saves Lives Act

  • Introduced by Sen. Murray (D-WA) and 19 cosponsors, this bill would support public health infrastructure. The legislation would establish a new core public health infrastructure program through establishing a $4.5 billion dedicated fund to build and maintain the nation’s public health infrastructure at every level.

S. 769 – Housing Fairness Act

  • Introduced by Sen. Cortez Masto (D-NV) and 10 cosponsors, this bill would reaffirm HUD’s commitment to fair housing by increasing funding for fair housing programs, making improvements to the Fair Housing Initiatives Program, reinstating the Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing Rule, and providing additional funds for research into housing discrimination.

S. 853 – Wise Investment in Children (WIC) Act (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Sens. Casey (D-PA), Collins (R-ME), Gillibrand (D-NY) and Smith (D-MN), this bill would increase the age of eligibility for children to receive benefits under the special supplemental nutrition program for women, infants, and children, and for other purposes.

S. 902 – Housing Supply and Affordability Act (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Sens. Klobuchar (D-MN), Portman (R-OH), and Kaine (D-VA), this bill would authorize a grant program for the development and implementation of housing supply and affordability plans. The bill would create a federal housing policy grant program that would provide funding for planning and implementing policies that increase housing supply, increase housing affordability, and reduce barriers to housing development. The bill would require these housing policies to prioritize avoiding displacement.

S. 1023 – Computer and Internet Access Equity Act*

  • Introduced by Sens. Durbin (D-IL) and Booker (D-NJ), this bill would provide tax credits to low- to moderate-income individuals for certain computer and education costs, and direct the Federal Communications Commission to modify the requirements for the Lifeline program to provide increased support. The bill would help make internet and broadband more affordable to help bridge the digital divide.

S. 1052 – Poverty Measurement Improvement Act

  • Introduced by Sen. Lee (R-UT), this bill would improve the poverty measurement methodology used by the Bureau of the Census to more accurately measure poverty in the United States. The bill would require the Census Bureau Director to produce a new, more accurate and comprehensive measure of poverty alongside the current official poverty rate and Supplemental Poverty Measure, and to provide a report comparing the measures.

S. 1136 – Affordable Housing Credit Improvement Act of 2021 (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Sens. Cantwell (D-WA), Young (R-IN), Wyden (D-OR), and Portman (R-OH), this bill would amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to reform the low-income housing credit.

S. 1218 – Green New Deal for Public Housing Act*

  • Introduced by Sens. Sanders (I-VT), Warren (D-MA), Markey (D-MA), Merkley (D-OR), and Blumenthal (D-CT), this bill would provide economic empowerment opportunities in the United States through modernization of public housing. The bill would strengthen public housing communities, improve living conditions for residents, and create jobs by addressing the housing and climate crisis.

S. 1270 – Access to Healthy Food for Young Children Act

  • Introduced by Sen. Casey (D-PA) and 14 cosponsors, this bill would amend the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act to improve the child and adult care food program.

S. 1461 – Transit to Trails Act*

  • Introduced by Sen. Booker (D-NJ) and 11 cosponsors, this bill would establish a program to award grants to entities that provide transportation connectors from critically underserved urban communities and rural communities to green spaces. The bill takes an equitable approach to help communities nationwide with the highest need for better sustainable public transportation options, making access to these public lands more affordable and accessible.

S. 1469 – Homeless Children and Youth Act (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Sens. Feinstein (D-CA), Portman (R-OH), and Baldwin (D-WI), this bill would amend the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act to meet the needs of homeless children, youth, and families, and honor the assessments and priorities of local communities. The bill that would amend the definition of homelessness used by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to verify eligibility for federal homeless assistance programs.

S. 1530 – Universal School Meals Program Act*

  • Introduced by Sen. Sanders (I-VT) and 10 cosponsors, this bill would amend the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 and the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act to make breakfasts and lunches free for all children. The bill would permanently provide free breakfast, lunch, dinner, and a snack to all school children regardless of income, eliminate school meal debt, and strengthen local economies by incentivizing local food procurement.

S. 1536 – The Medical Nutrition Therapy Act of 2021 (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Reps. Collins (R-ME) and Peters (D-MI), this bill would expand the availability of medical nutrition therapy services under the Medicare program and combat health disparities.

S. 1569 – Student Food Security Act of 2021*

  • Introduced by Sen. Warren (D-MA) and seven cosponsors, this bill would expand the eligibility of students to participate in the supplemental nutrition assistance program, and establish college student food insecurity demonstration programs.

S. 1570 – Human-Services Emergency Logistics Program (HELP) Act (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Sen. Casey (D-PA) and 12 bipartisan cosponsors, this bill would facilitate nationwide accessibility and coordination of 211 services and 988 services in order to provide information and referral to all residents and visitors in the United States for mental health emergencies, homelessness needs, and other social and human services needs.

S. 1577 – Summer Meals Alternative Relief and Transportation (SMART) Act (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Sens. Cornyn (R-TX) and Booker (D-NJ), this bill would amend the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act to ensure equity for America’s children by providing access to summer meals. Specifically, the bill would establish additional food delivery service options for low-income students who live in rural areas and receive meals through the USDA Summer Food Service Program.

S. 1733 – One Stop Shop Community Reentry Program Act (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Sens. Klobuchar (D-MN) and Cornyn (R-TX), this bill would authorize implementation grants to community-based nonprofits to operate one-stop reentry centers. Specifically, this bill would create resource centers to support people transitioning from incarceration and connect them with services needed to reintegrate into their communities.

S. 1809 – Allowing Steady Savings by Eliminating Tests (ASSET) Act*

  • Introduced by Sens. Coons (D-DE), Brown (D-OH) and eight cosponsors, this bill would eliminate asset or resource limits employed by certain federally funded means-tested public assistance programs (TANF, SNAP, and LIHEAP). The bill would also raise the asset limitation for Supplemental Security Income (SSI) from $2,000 to $10,000 for an individual and from $3,000 to $20,000 for a couple, indexed to inflation.

S. 1831 – Stop Child Hunger Act*

  • Introduced by Sen. Murray (D-WA), this bill would amend the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act to establish a permanent, nationwide electronic benefit transfer program for children during school closures.

S.1991 – Family Stability and Opportunity Vouchers Act (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Sens. Van Hollen (D-MD) and Young (R-IN), this bill would authorize a new type of housing choice voucher to help achieve the goals of ending homelessness among families with children, increasing housing opportunities, and improving life outcomes of poor children.

S. 2005 – Hunger-Free Summer for Kids Act (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Sens. Boozman (R-AR) and 13 bipartisan cosponsors, this bill would amend the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act to require alternative options for summer food service program delivery. The bill would increased flexibility for the USDA’s Summer Food Service program and provide states additional options to reach hungry children in communities without a centralized feeding site during the summer.

S. 2008 (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Sens. Reed (D-RI), Collins (R-ME), Van Hollen (D-MD), Cortez Masto (D-NV), and Klobuchar (D-MN), this bill would strengthen the United States Interagency Council on Homelessness.

S. 2013 – Medical Nutrition Equity Act of 2021 (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Sens. Casey (D-PA), Ernst (R-IA), Grassley (R-IA), and Rosen (D-NV), this bill would provide for the coverage of medically necessary food and vitamins and individual amino acids for digestive and inherited metabolic disorder under federal health programs and private health insurance, and to ensure state and federal protection for existing coverage.

S. 2049 – Trafficking Survivors Housing Act of 2021 (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Sens. Brown (D-OH), Blunt (R-MO), and Durbin (D-IL), this bill would require a study and report on the housing and service needs of survivors of trafficking and individuals at risk for trafficking. The bill would focus on improving housing and homeless services for trafficking survivors to help them rebuild their lives.

S. 2172 – Building Solutions for Veterans Experiencing Homelessness Act of 2021

  • Introduced by Sen. Tester (D-MT), this bill would improve grants, payments, and technical assistance provided by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to serve homeless veterans.

S. 2190 – Task Force on the Impact of the Affordable Housing Crisis Act (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Sens. Young (R-IN), King (I-ME), Cantwell (D-WA), Kennedy (R-LA), and Tester (D-MT), this bill would establish the bipartisan Task Force on the Impact of the Affordable Housing Crisis to better understand and respond to America’s housing affordability crisis. The task force would evaluate and quantify the impact of housing costs on other government programs and provide recommendations to Congress on how to increase affordable housing options in order to improve life outcomes.

S. 2192 – Closing the Meal Gap Act of 2021*

  • Introduced by Sens. Gillibrand (D-NY), Sanders (I-VT), Booker (D-NJ), Padilla (D-CA), and Warren (D-MA), this bill would amend the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 to require that supplemental nutrition assistance program (SNAP) benefits be calculated using the value of the low-cost food plan. The bill would expand and strengthen the SNAP benefits for vulnerable community members by raising the baseline benefit for all SNAP households, allocating more funds to those with large medical and housing expenses, and increasing access to the program.

S. 2234 – Affordable Housing Opportunities Made Equitable (HOME) Act

  • Introduced by Sen. Merkley (D-OR), this bill would make housing affordable. Specifically, the bill would lower the cost of housing, build a 21st century housing supply that meets the needs of all Americans, provide housing and supportive services to reduce chronic homelessness, directly address the legacy of America’s history of racially discriminatory federal housing policies, and build fast-acting emergency housing program to deploy federal housing resources in large-scale disasters.

S. 2240 –  Volunteer Innovation Act (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Sens. Young (R-IN) and Reed (D-RI), this bill would establish a national and community service pay for results program within AmeriCorps. Specifically, the bill would allow community-based entities to access reliable volunteer pathways to achieve measurable success and create an open format for community-based entities to submit an application demonstrating how to achieve measurable, clearly defined outcomes that result in federal savings and social benefits.

S. 2264 – Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act (NAHASDA) (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Sens. Schatz (D-HI), Murkowski (R-OK), Hoeven (R-ND), Tester (D-MT), Smith (D-MN), Cortez Masto (D-NV), Lujan (D-NM), and Rounds (R-SD), this bill would reauthorize the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act of 1996 to build on successful Native American housing programs at the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD).

S. 2300 – Restoring Communities Left Behind Act

  • Introduced by Sen. Peters (D-MI), this bill would direct the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development to establish a grant program to help revitalize certain localities. Specifically, the bill would create a $5 billion program to award competitive grants to eligible local partnerships to carry out neighborhood revitalization support activities to include restoring damaged or vacant properties for affordable housing, providing skills training programs in low-income areas, and improving parks, sidewalks, and other improvements that impact quality of life.

S. 2357 – Fighting Homelessness Through Services and Housing Act*

Introduced by Sen. Feinstein (D-CA) and six cosponsors, this bill would fight homelessness in the United States by authorizing a grant program for housing programs that offer comprehensive services and intensive case management for homeless individuals and families.

* Denotes bicameral legislation

House of Representatives

H.R. 189 – John Lewis National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities Research Endowment Revitalization Act (bipartisan)* 

  • Introduced by Reps. Barragan (D-CA), Carter (R-GA), Taylor (R-TX) and Williams (D-GA), this bill would amend the Public Health Service Act to provide that the authority of the Director of the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities to make certain research endowments applies with respect to both current and former centers of excellence. The bill would increase investments in schools conducting critical research into minority health disparities. This bill passed the House on April 14, 2021 and is now being considered in the Senate.

H.R. 666 – Anti-Racism in Public Health Act*

  • Introduced by Rep. Pressley (D-MA) and 44 cosponsors, this bill would amend the Public Health Service Act to provide for public health research and investment into understanding and eliminating structural racism and police violence.

H.R. 912 – American Indian and Alaska Native Veterans Mental Health Act

  • Introduced by Rep. Brownley (D-CA), this bill would direct the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to make certain improvements relating to mental health and suicide prevention outreach to minority veterans and American Indian and Alaska Native veterans.

H.R. 1072 – COVID-19 in Corrections Data Transparency Act

  • Introduced by Reps. Pressley (D-MA), Garcia (D-TX), Demings (D-FL), Trone (D-MD), Hayes (D-CT), Speier (D-CA), Espaillat (D-NY), and DeSaulnier (D-CA), this bill would report data on COVID-19 in Federal, State, and local correctional facilities.

H.R. 1331 – Strengthening Mental Health Supports for BIPOC Communities Act

  • Introduced by Reps. Cardenas (D-CA), Johnson (D-TX), and Soto (D-FL), this bill would reduce health inequities experienced by individuals who are members of historically racial and ethnic minority groups under State plans under the community mental health services block grant program.

H.R. 1370 – Equitable Data Collection and Disclosure on COVID-19 Act* 

  • Introduced by Rep. Pressley (D-MA) and 19 cosponsors, this bill would require the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to collect and report certain data concerning COVID-19.

H.R. 1400 – COVID-19 Health Disparities Action Act*

  • Introduced by Reps. Cardenas (D-CA) and Watson Coleman (D-NJ), this bill would establish and support public awareness campaigns to address COVID-19-related health disparities and promote vaccination.

H.R. 1475 – Pursuing Equity in Mental Health Act (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Rep. Watson Coleman (D-NJ) and 49 bipartisan cosponsors, this bill would address mental health issues for youth, particularly youth of color. This bill passed the House on May 12, 2021 and is now being considered in the Senate.

H.R. 1835 – COVID Communities Care Act* 

  • Introduced by Rep. Lee (D-CA) and 36 cosponsors, this bill would provide FY2021 supplemental appropriations for HHS to implement programs to prevent, prepare for, and respond to COVID-19 in medically underserved areas. The bill designates the funding as emergency spending.

H.R. 2078 – Social and Economic Equity Promotion Act

  • Introduced by Rep. Meeks (D-NY), this bill would amend the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 to establish the Division of Social and Economic Equity in the Congressional Budget Office (CBO). The bill would require analyses from the CBO on how legislative proposals would impact historically underserved communities, including communities of color and others that have experienced longstanding social and economic inequality.

H.R. 2178 – Minority Diabetes Initiative Act

  • Introduced by Rep. Waters (D-CA) and 32 cosponsors, this bill would amend the Public Health Service Act to authorize grants to provide treatment for diabetes in minority communities.

H.R. 3013 – COVID Vaccine Transportation Access Act

  • Introduced by Reps. Barragan (D-CA), Cardenas (D-CA), Clarke (D-NY), Ruiz (D-CA), Holmes Norton (D-DC), Blumenauer (D-OR), and Soto (D-FL), this bill would authorize the Secretary of HHS to award grants for removing transportation barriers to accessing vaccines for COVID-19, including booster vaccines, for individuals from low-income communities, minority communities, or other communities in which transportation poses a barrier to health care access.

H.R. 3320 – Allied Health Workforce Diversity Act (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Reps. Rush (D-IL), Mullin (R-OK), and nine bipartisan cosponsors, this bill would authorize assistance for increasing workforce diversity in the professions of physical therapy, occupational therapy, respiratory therapy, audiology, and speech-language pathology.

H.R. 3541 – Conrad State 30 & Physician Access Act (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Rep. Schneider (D-IL) and 38 bipartisan cosponsors, this bill would provide incentives to physicians to practice in rural and medically underserved communities.

H.R. 3573 – Stop Mental Health Stigma in Our Communities Act

  • Introduced by Reps. Chu (D-CA) and Napolitano (D-CA), this bill would amend the Public Health Service Act to provide for behavioral and mental health outreach and education strategies to reduce stigma associated with mental health among the Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander population.

H.R. 3841 – Tribal Health Data Improvement Act (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Reps. Mullin (R-OK) and O’Halleran (D-AZ), this bill would amend the Public Health Service Act with respect to the collection and availability of health data with respect to Indian Tribes. This bill passed the House on June 23, 2021 and is now being considered in the Senate.

H.R. 3856

  • Introduced by Rep. Takano (D-CA), this bill would require the Comptroller General of the United States to conduct a study on disparities associated with race and ethnicity with respect to certain benefits administered by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, and for other purposes.

H.R. 3893 (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Reps. Blunt Rochester (D-DE) and Wenstrup (R-OH), this bill would improve kidney disease research, prevention, surveillance, and treatment in minority populations and rural and underserved communities.

H.R. 3904 – Reducing COVID-19 Disparities by Investing in Public Health Act of 2021

  • Introduced by Reps. Hayes (D-CT) and Thompson (D-MS), this bill would increase the annual funding for the Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Fund, the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, and the Offices of Minority Health within the Office of the Secretary of Health and Human Services, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, the Food and Drug Administration, the Health Resources and Services Administration, and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration to enable the United States and State departments of public health to better combat disparities that have emerged during the COVID-19 crisis and beyond.

H.R. 4251 – Native Behavioral Health Access Improvement Act

  • Introduced by Reps. Pallone (D-NJ) and Ruiz (D-CA), this bill would amend the Indian Health Care Improvement Act to authorize a special behavioral health program for Indians.

H.R. 4283 – Native Health and Wellness Act

  • Introduced by Reps. Ruiz (D-CA) and Pallone (D-NJ), this bill would amend the Public Health Service Act to improve the public health system in tribal communities and increase the number of American Indians and Alaska Natives pursuing health careers.

Senate

S. 162 – Anti-Racism in Public Health Act*

  • Introduced by Sens. Warren (D-MA), Hirono (D-HI), Merkley (D-OR), Smith (D-MN), and Markey (D-MA), this bill would amend the Public Health Service Act to provide for public health research and investment into understanding and eliminating structural racism and police violence.

S. 201 – Improving Access to Health Care in Rural Underserved Areas Act (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Sens. Rosen (D-NV) and Murkowski (R-AK), this bill would establish a program ensuring access to accredited continuing medical education for primary care physicians and other health care providers at Federally-qualified health centers and rural health clinics, to provide training and clinical support for primary care providers to practice at their full scope and improve access to care for patients in underserved areas.

S. 320 – John Lewis National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities Research Endowment Revitalization Act (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Sens. Cassidy (R-LA) and Schatz (D-HI), this bill would amend the Public Health Service Act to provide that the authority of the Director of the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities to make certain research endowments applies with respect to both current and former centers of excellence. The bill would increase investments in schools conducting critical research into minority health disparities. This bill passed the Senate on March 10, 2021 and is now being considered in the House.

S. 465 – COVID-19 Health Disparities Action Act*

  • Introduced by Sen. Menendez (D-NJ) and 15 cosponsors, this bill would establish and support public awareness campaigns to address COVID-19-related health disparities and promote vaccination.

S. 512 – Equitable Data Collection and Disclosure on COVID-19 Act*

  • Introduced by Sen. Warren (D-MA) and 11 cosponsors, this bill would require the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to collect and report certain data concerning COVID-19.

S. 783 – COVID Communities Care Act*

  • Introduced by Sens. Warren (D-MA), Padilla (D-CA), Markey (D-MA), Smith (D-MN), Merkley (D-OR), and Blumenthal (D-CT), this bill would provide FY2021 supplemental appropriations for HHS to implement programs to prevent, prepare for, and respond to COVID-19 in medically underserved areas. The bill designates the funding as emergency spending.

S. 922 – Eliminate the Digital Divide Act of 2021 (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Sens. Cornyn (R-TX) and Manchin (D-WV), this bill would amend the Communications Act of 1934 to provide funding to states for extending broadband service to underserved areas in partnership with broadband service providers.

S. 1031

  • Introduced by Sen. Warnock (D-GA), this bill would required the Comptroller General of the United States to conduct a study on disparities associated with race and ethnicity with respect to certain benefits administered by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.

S. 1368 – American Housing and Economic Mobility Act*

  • Introduced by Sens. Warren (D-MA), Markey (D-MA), Gillibrand (D-NY), Sanders (I-VT), Hirono (D-HI), and Merkley (D-OR), this bill would make housing more affordable. The bill would help produce nearly three million new housing units, reduce rents by 10 percent with no deficit impact, and make important steps to address the racial wealth gap and reduce exclusionary zoning laws.

S. 1397 – Tribal Health Data Improvement Act (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Sens. Smith (D-MN), Murkowski (R-AK), Tester (D-MT), Daines (R-MT), Warren (D-MA) and Cramer (R-ND), this bill would amend the Public Health Service Act with respect to the collection and availability of health data with respect to Indian Tribes and Tribal organizations. The bill would help Tribes, which have been disproportionately impacted by the pandemic and other health disparities, to address COVID-19 and other public health challenges by strengthening data sharing between Tribes, Tribal Epidemiology Centers, and the CDC.

S. 1679 – Allied Health Workforce Diversity Act (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Sens. Casey (D-PA) and Murkowski (R-AK), this bill would authorize assistance for increasing workforce diversity in the professions of physical therapy, occupational therapy, respiratory therapy, audiology, and speech-language pathology.

S. 1795 – Pursuing Equity in Mental Health Act*

  • Introduced by Sen. Menendez (D-NJ) and 12 cosponsors, this bill would address mental health issues for youth, particularly youth of color.

S. 1810 – Conrad State 30 & Physician Access Reauthorization Act (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Sen. Klobuchar (D-MN) and nine bipartisan cosponsors, this bill would provide incentives to physicians to practice in rural and medically underserved communities.

S. 2071 – Broadband Reform and Investment to Drive Growth in the Economy (BRIDGE) Act of 2021 (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Sens. Bennet (D-CO), King (I-ME), and Portman (R-OH), this bill would provide grants to states, territories, Puerto Rico, DC, and eligible Tribal entities to promote access to affordable, high-speed broadband and digital equity.

* Denotes bicameral legislation

House of Representatives

H.R. 79 – Nationally Enhancing the Wellbeing of Babies through Outreach and Research Now (NEWBORN) Act

  • Introduced by Rep. Cohen (D-TN) and 11 cosponsors, this bill would authorize funding for the creation and implementation of infant mortality pilot programs in standard metropolitan statistical areas with high rates of infant mortality.

H.R. 259 – End Diaper Need Act of 2021*

  • Introduced by Rep. Lee (D-CA) and 13 cosponsors, this bill would amend the Public Health Service Act to address the increased burden that maintaining the health and hygiene of infants and toddlers places on families in need, the resultant adverse health effects on children and families, and the limited child care options available for infants and toddlers who lack sufficient diapers.

H.R. 482 – Newborn Screening Saves Lives Reauthorization Act (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Rep. Roybal-Allard (D-CA) and 24 bipartisan cosponsors, this bill would amend the Public Health Service Act to reauthorize certain programs under part A of title XI of such Act relating to genetic diseases. This bill passed the House on June 23, 2021 and is now being considered in the Senate.

H.R. 769 – Rural Maternal and Obstetric Modernization of Services (MOMS) Act (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Rep. Newhouse (R-WA) and 10 bipartisan cosponsors, this bill would amend the Public Health Service Act to improve obstetric care in rural areas.

H.R. 909 – Moms Matter Act (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Reps. Blunt Rochester (D-DE), Katko (R-NY), Underwood (D-IL), and Fitzpatrick (R-PA), this bill would direct the Secretary of Health and Human Services, acting through the Assistant Secretary for Mental Health and Substance Use, to establish a program to award grants to eligible entities to address maternal mental health conditions and substance use disorders with respect to pregnant and postpartum individuals, with a focus on racial and ethnic minority groups.

H.R. 925 – Data to Save Moms Act*

  • Introduced by Rep. Davids (D-KS) and 34 cosponsors, this bill would authorize funding for maternal mortality review committees to promote representative community engagement.

H.R. 937 – Tech to Save Moms Act*

  • Introduced by Rep. Johnson (D-TX) and 34 cosponsors, this bill would integrate telehealth models in maternity care services.

H.R. 943 – Social Determinants for Moms Act

  • Introduced by Reps. McBath (D-GA) and 33 cosponsors, this bill would address social determinants of maternal health with respect to pregnant and postpartum individuals.

H.R. 945 – Perinatal Workforce Act*

  • Introduced by Rep. Moore (D-WI) and 34 cosponsors, this bill would direct the Secretary of HHS to issue guidance to states to educate providers, managed care entities, and other insurers about the value and process of delivering respectful maternal health care through diverse and multidisciplinary care provider models.

H.R. 948 – Justice for Incarcerated Moms Act*

  • Introduced by Rep. Pressley (D-MA) and 33 cosponsors, this bill would improve maternal health outcomes for incarcerated individuals.

H.R. 950 – Innovative Maternal Payment and Coverage To (IMPACT) to Save Moms Act*

  • Introduced by Rep. Schakowsky (D-IL) and 33 cosponsors, this bill would require the Secretary of Health and Human Services to establish and implement a Perinatal Care Alternative Payment Model Demonstration Project.

H.R. 957 – Protecting Moms and Babies Against Climate Change Act*

  • Introduced by Rep. Underwood (D-IL) and 33 cosponsors, this bill would direct the Secretary of Health and Human Services to establish a grant program to protect vulnerable mothers and babies from climate change risks.

H.R. 958 – Protecting Moms Who Served Act (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Reps. Underwood (D-IL), Bilirakis (R-FL), Brownley (D-CA), and Fitzpatrick (R-PA), this bill would codify maternity care coordination programs at the Department of Veterans Affairs. This bill passed the House on May 12, 2021 and is now being considered in the Senate.

H.R. 959 – Black Maternal Health Momnibus Act of 2021*

  • Introduced by Rep. Underwood (D-IL) and 82 cosponsors, this bill would end preventable maternal mortality and severe maternal morbidity in the United States and close disparities in maternal health outcomes.

H.R. 1065 – Pregnant Workers Fairness Act (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Reps. Nadler(D-NY), Katko (R-NY), McBath (D-GA), Herrera Beutler (R-WA), and Scott (D-VA), this bill would eliminate discrimination and promote women’s health and economic security by ensuring reasonable workplace accommodations for workers whose ability to perform the functions of a job are limited by pregnancy, childbirth, or a related medical condition. This bill passed the House on May 15, 2021 and is now being considered in the Senate.

H.R. 1212 – Kira Johnson Act* 

  • Introduced by Rep. Adams (D-NC) and 32 cosponsors, this bill would end preventable maternal mortality and severe maternal morbidity in the United States and close disparities in maternal health outcomes.

H.R. 1218 – Data Mapping to Save Moms’ Lives Act (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Reps. Butterfield (D-NC), Bilirakis (R-FL), and Blunt Rochester (D-DE), this bill would require the Federal Communications Commission to incorporate data on maternal health outcomes into its broadband health maps.

H.R. 1350 – Supporting Best Practices for Healthy Moms Act (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Reps. Kelly (D-IL) and Latta (R-OH), this bill would require the Secretary of Health and Human Services to publish guidance for States on strategies for maternal care providers participating in the Medicaid program to reduce maternal mortality and severe morbidity with respect to individuals receiving medical assistance under such program.

H.R. 2054 – No Surprise Bills for New Moms Act (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Rep. Porter (D-CA) and 23 bipartisan cosponsors, this bill would provide for certain health coverage of newborns.

H.R. 2521 – Delivering Optimally Urgent Labor Access for Veterans Affairs (DOULA for VA) Act (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Reps. Lawrence (D-MI), Dean (D-PA), Lesko (R-AZ), Gonzalez Colon (R-PR), McBath (D-GA), and Cammack (R-FL), this bill would require the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to establish a pilot program to furnish doula services to veterans.

H.R. 2555 – Community Access, Resources, and Education (CARE) for Families Act

  • Introduced by Reps. Adams (D-NC) and Scott (D-VA), this bill would amend the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 to establish a grant program to provide grants to local agencies and clinics to improve the health of mothers and infants.

H.R. 2556 – Maternal Care Access and Reducing Emergencies (CARE) Act* 

  • Introduced by Rep. Adams (D-NC), this bill would support states in their work to end preventable morbidity and mortality in maternity care by using evidence-based quality improvement to protect the health of mothers during pregnancy, childbirth, and in the postpartum period and to reduce neonatal and infant mortality, to eliminate racial disparities in maternal health outcomes, and for other purposes.

H.R. 2598 – COVID-19 Safe Birthing Act

  • Introduced by Reps. Pressley (D-MA), Thompson (D-MS), Takano (D-CA), Williams (D-GA), Tlaib (D-MI), Jones (D-NY), and Jackson Lee (D-TX), this bill would expand access to maternal health care.

H.R. 2701 – Opportunities to Support Mothers and Deliver Children Act

  • Introduced by Rep. Moore (D-WI), this bill would provide grants for the conduct of demonstration projects designed to provide education and training for eligible individuals to enter and follow a career pathway in the field of pregnancy or childbirth, under the health profession opportunity grant program under section 2008 of the Social Security Act.

H.R. 3047 – Military Moms Matter Act

  • Introduced by Rep. Houlahan (D-PA), this bill would improve postpartum care for members of the Armed Forces and dependents of such members.

H.R. 3063 – Maximizing Outcomes for Moms through Medicaid Improvement and Enhancement of Service (MOMMIES) Act* 

  • Introduced by Rep. Pressley (D-MA) and 25 cosponsors, this bill would improve Medicaid and CHIP for low-income mothers. Specifically, the bill would improve maternal and infant health disparities by promoting dignity, respect, and culturally-responsive support during and after pregnancy, and aims to lessen maternal mortality and morbidity by increasing coverage for pregnant people and providing comprehensive, affordable maternal health care services.

H.R. 3110 – Providing Urgent Maternal Protections (PUMP) for Nursing Mothers Act (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Reps. Maloney (D-NY), Herrera Beutler (R-WA), Roybal-Allard (D-CA), Adams (D-NC), and Underwood (D-IL), this bill would expand access to breastfeeding accommodations in the workplace.

H.R. 3126 – Healthy Maternal and Obstetric Medicine (MOM) Act

  • Introduced by Rep. Watson Coleman (D-NJ) and 47 cosponsors, this bill would provide for a special enrollment period for pregnant women.

H.R. 3337 – Birth Access Benefitting Improved Essential Facility Services (BABIES) Act (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Reps. Clark (D-MA), Herrera Beutler (R-WA), Roybal-Allard (D-CA) and Hinson (R-IA), this bill would establish a Medicaid demonstration program to develop and advance innovative payment models for freestanding birth center services for women with a low-risk pregnancy.

H.R. 3345 – Helping Medicaid Offer Maternity Services (Helping MOMS) Act (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Reps. Kelly (D-IL), Herrera Beutler (R-WA), Underwood (D-IL), Pressley (D-MA), and Gonazlez (R-OH), this bill would promote extended coverage of pregnant and postpartum women under the Medicaid program.

H.R. 3352 – Midwives for Maximizing Optimal Maternity Services (Midwives for MOMS) Act (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Reps. Clark (D-MA), Herrera Beutler (R-WA), Roybal-Allard (D-CA) and Hinson (R-IA), this bill would address maternity care shortages and promote optimal maternity outcomes by expanding educational opportunities for midwives.

H.R. 3407 – Mothers and Offspring Mortality & Morbidity Awareness (MOMMA’s) Act

  • Introduced by Rep. Kelly (D-IL) and 25 cosponsors, this bill would improve Federal efforts with respect to the prevention of maternal mortality.

H.R. 3688

  • Introduced by Rep. Adams (D-NC), this bill would address maternal mortality and morbidity.

H.R. 4217 – Taskforce Recommending Improvements for Unaddressed Mental Perinatal & Postpartum Health (TRIUMPH) for New Moms Act of 2021 (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Reps. Barragan (D-CA), Bucshon (R-IN), Blunt Rochester (D-DE), and Kim (R-CA), this bill would amend the Public Health Service Act to provide for the establishment of a Task Force on Maternal Mental Health.

H.R. 4387 – Maternal Health Quality Improvement Act (MHQIA) (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Rep. Kelly (D-IL) and nine bipartisan cosponsors, this bill would amend the Public Health Service Act to improve maternal health, to improve obstetric care in rural areas, and for other purposes. The bill would implement evidence-based best practices and policies within the medical community to improve maternal health outcomes, support health professional training programs focused on biases that may affect quality of maternal care for racial and ethnic groups, and provide funding to establish rural obstetric networks to improve birth outcomes and reduce maternal morbidity in rural areas.

H.R. 4576 – Support Through Loss Act*

  • Introduced by Rep. Pressley (D-MA) and six cosponsors, this bill would allow Americans to receive paid leave time to process and address their own health needs and the health needs of their partners during the period following a pregnancy loss, an unsuccessful round of intrauterine insemination or of an assisted reproductive technology procedure, a failed adoption arrangement, a failed surrogacy arrangement, or a diagnosis or event that impacts pregnancy or fertility, to support related research and education, and for other purposes.

Senate

S. 198 – Data Mapping to Save Moms’ Lives Act (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Rosen (D-NV), Fischer (R-NE), Young (R-IN), and Schatz (D-HI), this bill would require the Federal Communications Commission to incorporate data on maternal health outcomes into its broadband health maps.

S. 287 – Perinatal Workforce Act*

  • Introduced by Sens. Baldwin (D-WI) and Merkley (D-OR), this bill would direct the Secretary of HHS to issue guidance to states to educate providers, managed care entities, and other insurers about the value and process of delivering respectful maternal health care through diverse and multidisciplinary care provider models.

S. 304 – End Diaper Need Act (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Sens. Duckworth (D-IL), Cramer (R-ND), Casey (D-PA), Durbin (D-IL), Gillibrand (D-NY) and Smith (D-MN), this bill would provide targeted funding for States and other eligible entities through the Social Services Block Grant program to address the increased burden that maintaining the health and hygiene of infants and toddlers, medically complex children, and low-income adults or adults with disabilities who rely on adult incontinence materials and supplies place on families in need, the resultant adverse health effects on children and families, and the limited child care options available for infants and toddlers who lack sufficient diapers and diapering supplies.

S. 334 – Innovative Maternal Payment and Coverage To (IMPACT) Save Moms Act*

  • Introduced by Sens. Casey (D-PA), Menendez (D-NJ), and Booker (D-NJ), this bill would establish an alternative payment model demonstration project for maternity care provided to pregnant and postpartum individuals under State Medicaid and CHIP programs.

S. 341 – Justice for Incarcerated Moms Act*

  • Introduced by Sens. Booker (D-NJ), Durbin (D-IL), and Hirono (D-HI), this bill would provide justice for incarcerated moms.

S. 346 – Black Maternal Health Momnibus Act of 2021* 

  • Introduced by Sen. Booker (D-NJ) and 20 cosponsors, this bill would end preventable maternal mortality and severe maternal morbidity in the United States and close disparities in maternal health outcomes.

S. 347 – Data to Save Moms Act*

  • Introduced by Sens. Smith (D-MN), Blumenthal (D-CT), Klobuchar (D-MN) and Markey (D-MA), this bill would improve the collection and review of maternal health data to address maternal mortality, serve maternal morbidity, and other adverse maternal health outcomes.

S. 350 – Newborn Screening Saves Lives Reauthorization Act (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Sens. Hassan (D-NH) and Wicker (R-MS), this bill would amend the Public Health Service Act to reauthorize certain programs under part A of title XI of such Act relating to genetic diseases.

S. 408 – Supporting Best Practices for Healthy Moms Act (bipartisan)* 

  • Introduced by Sens. Toomey (R-PA) and Brown (D-OH), this bill would require the Secretary of Health and Human Services to publish guidance for States on strategies for maternal care providers participating in the Medicaid program to reduce maternal mortality and severe morbidity with respect to individuals receiving medical assistance under such program.

S. 411 – Mothers and Offspring Mortality and Morbidity Awareness (MOMMA) Act

  • Introduced by Sen. Durbin (D-IL) and nine cosponsors, this bill would improve Federal efforts with respect to the prevention of maternal mortality.

S. 423 – Protecting Moms and Babies Against Climate Change Act*

  • Introduced by Sens. Markey (D-MA), Merkley (D-OR), Blumenthal (D-CT), Sanders (I-VT), and Bennet (D-CO), this bill would direct the Secretary of Health and Human Services to establish a grant program to protect vulnerable mothers and babies from climate change risks.

S. 484 – Moms Matter Act*

  • Introduced by Sens. Gillibrand (D-NY), Smith (D-MN), Shaheen (D-NH), and Sanders (I-VT), this bill would establish grant programs for maternal mental health equity and to grow and diversify the maternal mental and behavioral health care workforce.

S. 796 – Protecting Moms Who Served Act (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Sens. Duckworth (D-IL) and Collins (R-ME), this bill would codify maternity care coordination programs at the Department of Veterans Affairs.

S. 801 – Connected Maternal Online Monitoring Services (MOM) Act (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Sens. Cassidy (R-LA), Hassan (D-NH), Carper (D-DE), Young (R-IN), and Rosen (D-NV), this bill would identify and address barriers to coverage of remote physiologic devices under state Medicaid programs to improve maternal and child health outcomes for pregnant and postpartum women.

S. 851 – Social Determinants for Moms Act* 

  • Introduced by Sen. Blumenthal (D-CT), this bill would address social determinants of maternal health with respect to pregnant and postpartum individuals.

S. 893 – Tech to Save Moms Act (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Sen. Menendez (D-NJ) and Sullivan (R-AK), this bill would support the use of technology in maternal health care.

S. 1042 – Kira Johnson Act* 

  • Introduced by Sens. Warnock (D-GA), Padilla (D-CA), Booker (D-NJ), Van Hollen (D-MD), Menendez (D-NJ), and Smith (D-MN), this bill would prevent maternal mortality and serve maternal morbidity among Black pregnant and postpartum individuals and other underserved populations, provide training in respectful maternity care, and reduce and prevent bias, racism, and discrimination in maternity care settings.

S. 1234 – Maternal Care Access and Reducing Emergencies (CARE) Act*

  • Introduced by Sen. Gillibrand (D-NY), this bill would support states in their work to end preventable morbidity and mortality in maternity care by using evidence-based quality improvement to protect the health of mothers during pregnancy, childbirth, and in the postpartum period and to reduce neonatal and infant mortality, to eliminate racial disparities in maternal health outcomes, and for other purposes.

S. 1333 – Modernizing Obstetrics Medicine Standards (MOMS) Act*

  • Introduced by Sen. Gillibrand (D-NY), this bill would address maternal mortality and morbidity by providing states and hospitals with access to new resources to develop and implement standardized best practices to prevent and respond to complications arising from pregnancy.

S. 1491 – Rural MOMS Act (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Sens. Smith (D-MN), Murkowski (R-AK), Angus (I-ME), Ernst (R-IA), Gillibrand (D-NY), Stabenow (D-MI), and Lujan (D-NM), this bill would amend the Public Health Service Act to improve obstetric care in rural areas.

S. 1542 – Maximizing Outcomes for Moms through Medicaid Improvement and Enhancement of Service (MOMMIES) Act*

  • Introduced by Sens. Booker (D-NJ), Baldwin (D-WI), Gillibrand (D-NY), Blumenthal (D-CT), Stabenow (D-MI), and Warren (D-MA), this bill would improve Medicaid and CHIP for low-income mothers. Specifically, the bill would improve maternal and infant health disparities by promoting dignity, respect, and culturally-responsive support during and after pregnancy, and aims to lessen maternal mortality and morbidity by increasing coverage for pregnant people and providing comprehensive, affordable maternal health care services.

S. 1622 – Harnessing Effective and Appropriate Long Term Health for Moms on Medicaid (HEALTH for MOM) Act (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Sens. Portman (R-OH) and Stabenow (D-MI), this bill would provide states with the option to provide coordinated care through a pregnancy medical home for high-risk pregnant women.

S. 1658 – Providing Urgent Maternal Protections (PUMP) for Nursing Mothers Act (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Sens. Merkley (D-OR), Murkowski (R-AK), Booker (D-NJ), Casey (D-PA), and Duckworth (D-IL), this bill would expand access to breastfeeding accommodations in the workplace.

S. 1675 – Maternal Health Quality Improvement Act (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Sens. Warnock (D-GA), Rubio (R-FL), Smith (D-MN), Marshall (R-KS), Hassan (D-NH), and Cassidy (R-LA), this bill would improve maternal health.

S. 1697 – Midwives for Maximizing Optimal Maternity Services (Midwives for MOMS) Act (bipartisan)*

  • Introduced by Sens. Lujan (D-NM) and Murkowski (R-AK), this bill would address maternity care shortages and promote optimal maternity outcomes by expanding educational opportunities for midwives.

S. 1716 – Birth Access Benefitting Improved Essential Facility Services (BABIES) Act*

  • Introduced by Sen. Lujan (D-NM), this bill would establish a Medicaid demonstration program to develop and advance innovative payment models for freestanding birth center services for women with a low-risk pregnancy.

S. 1804 – Mothers and Newborns Success Act (bipartisan)

  • Introduced by Sens. Kaine (D-VA) and Murkowski (R-AK), this bill would amend the Public Health Service Act to improve maternal health and promote safe motherhood and reduce racial inequities in maternal and infant mortality.

S. 1937 – Delivering Optimally Urgent Labor Access for Veterans Affairs (DOULA for VA) Act*

  • Introduced by Sen. Booker (D-NJ), this bill would require the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to establish a pilot program to furnish doula services to veterans.

S. 1977 – Improving Coverage and Care for Mothers Act

  • Introduced by Sen. Casey (D-PA), this bill would provide Medicaid coverage for all pregnant and postpartum women, to provide coverage under the Medicaid program for services provided by doulas, midwives, and lactation consultants, and other purposes.

S. 2390 – Support Through Loss Act*

  • Introduced by Sens. Duckworth (D-IL), Gillibrand (D-NY), Blumenthal (D-CT), and Baldwin (D-WI), this bill would allow Americans to receive paid leave time to process and address their own health needs and the health needs of their partners during the period following a pregnancy loss, an unsuccessful round of intrauterine insemination or of an assisted reproductive technology procedure, a failed adoption arrangement, a failed surrogacy arrangement, or a diagnosis or event that impacts pregnancy or fertility, to support related research and education, and for other purposes.

* Denotes bicameral legislation

0
SDOH Bills
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Health Equity/Disparities Bills
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Maternal & Infant Health Bills